开始折腾Ubuntu 14.04 下的GVIM

这次装上了Ubuntu 14.04是有目的的,我要锻炼我在Linux下的生存能力,vim这种神器怎么能少,于是开始了我的折腾vim之旅。话说当年我也是vim的小入门的了,那时是大三,当时已经用了vim做一些开发工作,不过,后来就放下了,这次我会坚持下去。

现在的样式如下:

vim样式

配置文件如下:

"==========================================
" Initial Plugin 加载插件
"==========================================
" 开启语法高亮
syntax on
" 缩进
filetype plugin indent on
"==========================================
" General Settings 基础设置
"==========================================

" history存储容量
set history=2000

"检测文件类型
filetype on
"针对不同的文件类型采用不同的缩进格式
filetype indent on
"允许插件
filetype plugin on
"启动自动补全
filetype plugin indent on

set autoread          " 文件修改之后自动载入。
set shortmess=atI       " 启动的时候不显示那个援助索马里儿童的提示

" 备份,到另一个位置. 防止误删, 目前是取消备份
"set backup
"set backupext=.bak
"set backupdir=/tmp/vimbk/

" 取消备份。 视情况自己改
set nobackup
" 关闭交换文件
set noswapfile


"create undo file
set undolevels=1000         " How many undos
set undoreload=10000        " number of lines to save for undo
if v:version >= 730
    set undofile                " keep a persistent backup file
    set undodir=/tmp/vimundo/
endif

set wildignore=*.swp,*.bak,*.pyc,*.class,.svn
" 突出显示当前行等
set cursorcolumn
set cursorline          " 突出显示当前行


"设置 退出vim后,内容显示在终端屏幕, 可以用于查看和复制
"好处:误删什么的,如果以前屏幕打开,可以找回
set t_ti= t_te=


"- 则点击光标不会换,用于复制
set mouse-=a             " 鼠标暂不启用, 键盘党....

" 修复ctrl+m 多光标操作选择的bug,但是改变了ctrl+v进行字符选中时将包含光标下的字符
"set selection=exclusive
set selection=inclusive
set selectmode=mouse,key

" No annoying sound on errors
" 去掉输入错误的提示声音
set title                " change the terminal's title
set novisualbell         " don't beep
set noerrorbells         " don't beep
set t_vb=
set tm=500

" Remember info about open buffers on close"
set viminfo^=%

" For regular expressions turn magic on
set magic

" Configure backspace so it acts as it should act
set backspace=eol,start,indent
set whichwrap+=<,>,h,l

"==========================================
" Display Settings 展示/排版等界面格式设置
"==========================================
"
"显示当前的行号列号:
set ruler
""在状态栏显示正在输入的命令
set showcmd
" 左下角显示当前vim模式
set showmode

" 在上下移动光标时,光标的上方或下方至少会保留显示的行数
set scrolloff=7

" set winwidth=79

" 命令行(在状态行下)的高度,默认为1,这里是2
set statusline=%<%f\ %h%m%r%=%k[%{(&fenc==\"\")?&enc:&fenc}%{(&bomb?\",BOM\":\"\")}]\ %-14.(%l,%c%V%)\ %P
" Always show the status line - use 2 lines for the status bar
set laststatus=2

"显示行号:
set number
" 取消换行。
set nowrap

" 括号配对情况,跳转并高亮一下匹配的括号
set showmatch
" How many tenths of a second to blink when matching brackets
set matchtime=2

"设置文内智能搜索提示
" 高亮search命中的文本。
set hlsearch
" 打开增量搜索模式,随着键入即时搜索
set incsearch
" 搜索时忽略大小写
set ignorecase
" 有一个或以上大写字母时仍大小写敏感
set smartcase     " ignore case if search pattern is all lowercase, case-sensitive otherwise

" 代码折叠
set foldenable
" 折叠方法
" manual    手工折叠
" indent    使用缩进表示折叠
" expr      使用表达式定义折叠
" syntax    使用语法定义折叠
" diff      对没有更改的文本进行折叠
" marker    使用标记进行折叠, 默认标记是 {{{ 和 }}}
set foldmethod=indent
set foldlevel=99

" 缩进配置

set smartindent   " Smart indent
set autoindent    " 打开自动缩进
" never add copyindent, case error   " copy the previous indentation on autoindenting

" tab相关变更
set tabstop=2     " 设置Tab键的宽度        [等同的空格个数]
set shiftwidth=2  " 每一次缩进对应的空格数
set softtabstop=2 " 按退格键时可以一次删掉 4 个空格
set smarttab      " insert tabs on the start of a line according to shiftwidth, not tabstop 按退格键时可以一次删掉 4 个空格
set expandtab     " 将Tab自动转化成空格    [需要输入真正的Tab键时,使用 Ctrl+V + Tab]
set shiftround    " 缩进时,取整 use multiple of shiftwidth when indenting with '<' and '>'

" A buffer becomes hidden when it is abandoned
set hidden
set wildmode=list:longest
set ttyfast

" 00x增减数字时使用十进制
set nrformats=

"==========================================
" FileEncode Settings 文件编码,格式
"==========================================
" 设置新文件的编码为 UTF-8
set encoding=utf-8
" 自动判断编码时,依次尝试以下编码:
set fileencodings=ucs-bom,utf-8,cp936,gb18030,big5,euc-jp,euc-kr,latin1
set helplang=cn
"set langmenu=zh_CN.UTF-8
"set enc=2byte-gb18030
" 下面这句只影响普通模式 (非图形界面) 下的 Vim。
set termencoding=utf-8

" Use Unix as the standard file type
set ffs=unix,dos,mac

" 如遇Unicode值大于255的文本,不必等到空格再折行。
set formatoptions+=m
" 合并两行中文时,不在中间加空格:
set formatoptions+=B


"==========================================
" others 其它设置
"==========================================
autocmd! bufwritepost _vimrc source % " vimrc文件修改之后自动加载。 windows。
autocmd! bufwritepost .vimrc source % " vimrc文件修改之后自动加载。 linux。

" 自动补全配置
"让Vim的补全菜单行为与一般IDE一致(参考VimTip1228)
set completeopt=longest,menu

" 增强模式中的命令行自动完成操作
set wildmenu
" Ignore compiled files
set wildignore=*.o,*~,*.pyc,*.class

"离开插入模式后自动关闭预览窗口
autocmd InsertLeave * if pumvisible() == 0|pclose|endif
"回车即选中当前项
inoremap         pumvisible() ? "\" : "\"

"上下左右键的行为 会显示其他信息
inoremap       pumvisible() ? "\" : "\"
inoremap         pumvisible() ? "\" : "\"
inoremap   pumvisible() ? "\\\" : "\"
inoremap     pumvisible() ? "\\\" : "\"

" if this not work ,make sure .viminfo is writable for you
if has("autocmd")
  au BufReadPost * if line("'\"") > 1 && line("'\"") <= line("$") | exe "normal! g'\"" | endif
endif

"==========================================
" HotKey Settings  自定义快捷键设置
"==========================================

" 主要按键重定义

" 关闭方向键, 强迫自己用 hjkl
map  
map  
map  
map  

"Treat long lines as break lines (useful when moving around in them)
"se swap之后,同物理行上线直接跳
nnoremap k gk
nnoremap gk k
nnoremap j gj
nnoremap gj j

" F1 - F6 设置
" F1 废弃这个键,防止调出系统帮助
" F2 行号开关,用于鼠标复制代码用
" F3 显示可打印字符开关
" F4 换行开关
" F5 粘贴模式paste_mode开关,用于有格式的代码粘贴
" F6 语法开关,关闭语法可以加快大文件的展示

" I can type :help on my own, thanks.  Protect your fat fingers from the evils of 
noremap  "

""为方便复制,用开启/关闭行号显示:
function! HideNumber()
  if(&relativenumber == &number)
    set relativenumber! number!
  elseif(&number)
    set number!
  else
    set relativenumber!
  endif
  set number?
endfunc
nnoremap  :call HideNumber()
nnoremap  :set list! list?
nnoremap  :set wrap! wrap?
              "set paste
set pastetoggle=            "    when in insert mode, press  to go to
                                "    paste mode, where you can paste mass data
                                "    that won't be autoindented

" disbale paste mode when leaving insert mode
au InsertLeave * set nopaste

nnoremap  :exec exists('syntax_on') ? 'syn off' : 'syn on'


"Smart way to move between windows 分屏窗口移动
map  j
map  k
map  h
map  l

" Go to home and end using capitalized directions
noremap H ^
noremap L $


"Map ; to : and save a million keystrokes
" ex mode commands made easy 用于快速进入命令行
nnoremap ; :


" 命令行模式增强,ctrl - a到行首, -e 到行尾
cnoremap  
cnoremap  
cnoremap  
cnoremap  

" 搜索相关

" Map  to / (search) and Ctrl- to ? (backwards search)
map  /
" 进入搜索Use sane regexes"
nnoremap / /\v
vnoremap / /\v

"Keep search pattern at the center of the screen."
nnoremap  n nzz
nnoremap  N Nzz
nnoremap  * *zz
nnoremap  # #zz
nnoremap  g* g*zz

" switch # *
nnoremap # *
nnoremap * #

" 去掉搜索高亮
noremap / :nohls

" --------tab/buffer相关

"Use arrow key to change buffer"
noremap  :bp
noremap  :bn

map tn :tabnew
map to :tabonly
map tc :tabclose
map tm :tabmove

" Opens a new tab with the current buffer's path
" Super useful when editing files in the same directory
map te :tabedit =expand("%:p:h")/

" ------- 选中及操作改键

"Reselect visual block after indent/outdent.调整缩进后自动选中,方便再次操作
vnoremap <  >gv

" y$ -> Y Make Y behave like other capitals
map Y y$

" select all
map sa ggVG"

" select block
nnoremap v V`}

" w!! to sudo & write a file
cmap w!! w !sudo tee >/dev/null %


" 滚动Speed up scrolling of the viewport slightly
nnoremap  2
nnoremap  2


"Jump to start and end of line using the home row keys
nmap t ok
nmap T Oj

" Quickly close the current window
nnoremap q :q

" Swap implementations of ` and ' jump to markers
" By default, ' jumps to the marked line, ` jumps to the marked line and
" column, so swap them
nnoremap ' `
nnoremap ` '

" remap U to  for easier redo
nnoremap U 

" Quickly edit/reload the vimrc file
nmap  ev :e $MYVIMRC
nmap  sv :so $MYVIMRC

"==========================================
" Theme Settings  主题设置
"==========================================

" Set extra options when running in GUI mode
if has("gui_running")
    "set guifont=M+_1mn_regular:h18
    set guioptions-=T
    set guioptions+=e
    set guioptions-=r
    set guioptions-=L
    set guioptions+=b
    set guitablabel=%M\ %t
    set showtabline=1
    set linespace=2
    set noimd
    set t_Co=256
endif

if has("gui_gtk2")
                              
    set guifont=M+\ 1mn\ regular\ 14
                              
elseif has("gui_macvim")
                              
    set guifont=M+_1mn_regular:h14
                              
elseif has("gui_win32")
                              
    set guifont=M+_1mn_regular:h14
end

" theme主题
"set background=dark
colorscheme vividchalk
set t_Co=256

现在是没有插件的裸版,参考:k-vim

 标签: Vim

作者  :  sailor

仅仅看明白了还不够,能把别人给讲明白了才算及格。



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